The 111 Most Common Spanish Words For Everyday Use (2023)

The 111 Most Common Spanish Words For Everyday Use (1)

written by
Caitlin Sacasas

Full disclosure: This post contains affiliate links. ?

What if I told you that you could understand about 50% of Spanish by learning only 100 Spanish words?

Would you think I’m crazy, or would you give it a shot?

It’s true! By learning the 111 most common Spanish words, you can begin to understandhalfof the language.

I know that sounds far fetched, but hear me out. We usea lotof the same words… all the time.

In English, words like “the”, “a”, “and”, “I”, “you”, “is”, and more are used in almost every sentence. The same is true in Spanish. This is good news, sincemany people struggle to learn thousands of words. But you don’t need to!

That’s why one of the best ways to go from 0-50% as a beginner Spanish speaker is to start off learning these 111 core Spanish words. It’ll not only help you make the most out of your study time, but it’ll give you a major leg up right away.

After all, it doesn’t take much to memorize your first 111 words when you usethe right techniques!

Table of contents

  • 10 Basic Spanish Words You Need As a Beginner
  • 36 Core Spanish Nouns
    • Spanish Nouns for Time
    • Spanish Nouns for Places
  • Spanish Nouns for Things
  • Spanish Nouns for People
  • 25 Core Spanish Verbs
  • 31 Basic Spanish Adjectives and Adverbs
  • 9 Common Spanish Words for Conjunctions and Connectors
  • Why Learn Spanish Words by Word Frequency?
  • Build Your Spanish Word Bank with The Most Common Words in Spanish

10 Basic Spanish Words You Need As a Beginner

If you’re only going to learn 10 words from this post, these are the ones you need:

  • Hola– “hello”
  • Adiós– “goodbye”
  • Por favor– “please”
  • Gracias– “thank you”
  • De nada– “you’re welcome”
  • – “yes”
  • No– “no”
  • Ayuda– “help”
  • Hoy– “today”
  • Mañana– “tomorrow”

To prepare for learning the other words in this article, you can use the resources from this video:

36 Core Spanish Nouns

These will be your most helpful nouns starting out. Of course, you may have different nouns you use in everyday life… And you can change this list according to that! But since we’re going by word frequency here, these words will be useful to know.

Spanish Nouns for Time

  • Vez– “One time”
  • Hoy– “Today”
  • Mañana– “Tomorrow”
  • Ayer– “Yesterday”
  • Hora– “Hour”
  • Año– “Year”
  • Día– “Day”
  • Semana– “Week”
  • Antes– “Before”
  • Después– “After”
  • Tiempo– “Time” or “Weather”

Spanish Nouns for Places

  • Aquí– “Here”
  • Allí– “There”
  • Ahora– “Now”
  • Sitio– “Place”
  • Escuela– “School”
  • Tienda– “Shop”
  • Baño– “Bathroom”
  • Ciudad– “City”
  • País– “Country”

Spanish Nouns for Things

  • Cosa– “Thing”
  • Nada– “Nothing”
  • Algo– “Something”
  • Este/Esto/Esta– “This” or “This one”
  • Ese/Eso/Esa– “That” or “That one”
  • Casa– “House”
  • Coche– “Car”
  • Idioma– “Language”
  • Agua– “Water”
  • Película– “Movie”

Spanish Nouns for People

  • Hombre– “Man”
  • Mujer– “Woman”
  • Chico/Chica– “Boy”/”Girl”
  • Amigo– “Friend”
  • Persona– “Person”
  • Familia– “Family”

25 Core Spanish Verbs

These are the most common Spanish verbs, and you can say quite a lot with only these 25 Spanish words! The first six verbs listed, especially. These verbs are often used with other verbs to create more complex sentences.

A couple of notes here. The first two verbs,serandestarboth mean “to be.” Butseris used for permanent situations. For example, “soy Caitlin” means “I am Caitlin.” (Soyisserconjugated for the first person.)

We usesoybecause my name is Caitlin, and unless I decide to change it, it will always be Caitlin.

Estaris used for situations that could change. For example, “estoy bien” means “I’m fine.” (Estoyisestarconjugated for the first person as well.) We useestarfor this because I’m fineright now… But tomorrow, who knows? Maybe it’ll be a rough day, and I actually “no estoy bien.” (Or “not well.”)

The other note I have for you is that these verbs are unconjugated, so they’re in their infinitive, or dictionary, form. Many areirregular Spanish verbsbecause they’re so common. The more common words are, the more they change over time causing them to become irregular. But, these verbs aresocommon, it’ll be easy to master once you get to it!

  • Ser– “To be” (permanent)
  • Estar– “To be” (non-permanent)
  • Haber– “To have”, “To exist”
  • Tener– “To have”, “To own”
  • Hacer– “To do”, “To make”
  • Poder– “Can do”
  • Ver– “To see”
  • Ir– “To go”
  • Dar– “To give”
  • Saber– “To know”
  • Querer– “To want”, “To love”
  • Creer– “To believe”
  • Hablar– “To talk”
  • Llevar– “To carry”
  • Encontrar– “To find”
  • Gustar– “To like”
  • Decir– “To tell”
  • Venir– “To come”
  • Pensar– “To think”
  • Entender– “To understand”
  • Leer– “To read”
  • Comer– “To eat”
  • Beber– “To drink”
  • Trabajar– “To work”
  • Usar– “To use”

31 Basic Spanish Adjectives and Adverbs

These adjectives will come in handy all the time in Spanish! It’s a good idea to memorize them in sets whenever possible. Likemuchofor “a lot” andpocofor “a few.” This way you can associate the two words together, making them easier to remember.

And words likebuenocan also be used as connecting words. Becausebuenois so common, in some dialects like Mexican Spanish, it’s used to say “well then”, “okay”, or “anyway…”

  • Todo– “All”, “every”
  • Alguno– “Some”
  • Más– “More”
  • Menos– “Less”
  • Muy– “Very”
  • Mucho– “A lot”
  • Otro– “Other”
  • Casi– “Almost”
  • Mismo– “Same”
  • Así– “Like this”
  • También– “Also”
  • Hasta– “Until, Even”
  • Grande– “Large”
  • Pequeño– “Small”
  • Bien– “Well”
  • Poco– “A little bit”
  • Siempre– “Always”
  • Nunca– “Never”
  • Cada– “Each”
  • Nuevo– “New”
  • Antigua– “Old”
  • Bueno– “Good”
  • Mal– “Bad”
  • Alto– “High”
  • Bajo– “Low”
  • Lejos– “Far”
  • Cerca– “Near”
  • Hermosa– “Beautiful”
  • Feo– “Ugly”
  • Difícil– “Difficult”
  • Fácil– “Easy”

9 Common Spanish Words for Conjunctions and Connectors

Conjunctions and connectors help your speech flow in a natural way. They help you make more complex sentences, as well as pause for thought without adding awkward silence to your conversations.Conversation connectorsare a valuable tool for your first conversations in Spanish. So here are the nine most common to help you get started:

  • Que– “That”, “Which”
  • Como– “Like”, “As”
  • Pero– “But”
  • Porque– “Because”
  • Entonces– “So”, “Then”
  • Pues– “Well then”
  • Aunque– “Although”
  • Mientras– “While”
  • Además– “Besides that”

Why Learn Spanish Words by Word Frequency?

These 100 Spanish words are chosen based on analyses of books, websites, newspapers, and more, by word frequency.

The word frequency method helps you learn the most common words first, so you can start understanding more of Spanish speech immediately.

This is a lot more effective than textbooks that start by teaching you Spanish words for the classroom, random careers or college majors. Most of those words you’ll never use again after that. (Seriously, I learned how to say “economics” –ciencias económicas– but I’ve never once talked about that in Spanish.)

The words on this list you’ll use, hear, or read all the time. That not only helps you understand faster, it helps you remember them faster, too, because you see them often. That’s why this is my favorite method for learning new words when I first start learning a language.

And it’s interesting because learning your first 100 words can get you up to 50% fluent, and1,000 words can help you understand about 88% of what’s spoken in Spanish.

Contrast that with 3,000 words, which would get you to about 94% fluency (only a 6% increase!). So those 100 common Spanish words give you a lot of mileage in the language.

That’s not to say you shouldn’t learn more words – you definitely should. But it just shows you the power of learning the most common words first. It’s one way to study more effectively and get the most out of your time right away.

Now, one thing about this article. I’ll be skipping common Spanish articles like “el,” “la,” “un,” “y,” “o,” “con,” and other words like them. Why? Because these words mean “the,” “an,” “and,” etc… They’re repetitive and quick to learn in a grammar lesson, rather than vocabulary. So, we’ll be skipping over those here and focusing on other important words to know.

I’m also not including personal pronouns or the various conjugations of common verbs. Again, that goes back to learning grammar and conjugation. It’s important to know, but most “word frequency lists” take up a lot of space with various conjugations of the same word. Instead, learn the dictionary form now and how to conjugate it later! You can learn yourSpanish pronouns in this article, andbasic verb conjugation here.

Once you know these 101 core Spanish words, it becomes much easier to build simple Spanish sentences and start speaking now!

Build Your Spanish Word Bank with The Most Common Words in Spanish

Now that you’ve looked over the 101 most common Spanish words, it’s time to memorize them. Add these words to yourAnki flashcard deck, or another app you use for memorizing vocab. After that, your next steps would be to learnhow to conjugate Spanish verbs, build yourSpanish conversation script, and studyessential Spanish sentences and phrases.

Then it’s time to find aSpanish language exchange partnerand start speaking! Because if you don’t use it, you lose it.

And don’t forget to start building on this list with words you use every day. That will be unique to you, and help you really start learning Spanish you’ll actually use. Learn words to talk about your career, your hobbies, your daily routine, or where you live. Build on that, so you can have a more expressive conversation!

  • ¡Lo Siento! and 25 More Ways to Say “Sorry” in Spanish
  • Dabble Spanish
  • The 10 Best Ways to Learn Spanish (Be Fluent Faster!)
  • Spanish Uncovered Review — An Honest, Detailed Review on Learning Spanish with Story
  • 60+ Really Useful Spanish Phrases for Conversation and Travel

The 111 Most Common Spanish Words For Everyday Use (3)

Caitlin Sacasas

Content Writer, Fluent in 3 Months

Caitlin is a copywriter, content strategist, and language learner. Besides languages, her passions are fitness, books, and Star Wars. Connect with her: Twitter | LinkedIn

Speaks: English, Japanese, Korean, Spanish

View all posts by Caitlin Sacasas


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Nathanial Hackett

Last Updated: 05/28/2023

Views: 6099

Rating: 4.1 / 5 (52 voted)

Reviews: 83% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Nathanial Hackett

Birthday: 1997-10-09

Address: Apt. 935 264 Abshire Canyon, South Nerissachester, NM 01800

Phone: +9752624861224

Job: Forward Technology Assistant

Hobby: Listening to music, Shopping, Vacation, Baton twirling, Flower arranging, Blacksmithing, Do it yourself

Introduction: My name is Nathanial Hackett, I am a lovely, curious, smiling, lively, thoughtful, courageous, lively person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.